History of Diplomatic Relations

The Kingdom of the Netherlands recognized the Republic of Estonia on 5 March 1921. After the Estonian restored independence the Netherlands (re-)recognized the Republic of Estonia on 2 September 1991. Diplomatic relations were restored on 21 September 1991.

It was complicated for the Cabinet of Ministers of the Kingdom in 1991 to recognize the restoration of independence of Estonia because the Netherlands had not made a reservation for the annexation of Estonia in 1942 while recognizing the Soviet Union (SU). This basically means that the Netherlands had recognized Estonia as part of the SU. The Netherlands (and Spain) were exceptional in that regard, because most of the European Community member states had had diplomatic relations with the SU already before the annexation of Estonia in 1940 – for which they had made a reservation in their relations with the SU. This issue has even been mentioned as an example of controversial state succession by a Dutch study book of international law in 2007 (Handboek Internationaal Recht).

A more detailed overview about the recognition of Estonia by the Kingdom of the Netherlands is available as a separate document: Recognition Baltic States by the Kingdom of NL

The Estonian Ambassador to the Netherlands is Kaili Terras who presented her credentials on September 6th, 2017. Previous Ambassador Peep Jahilo served in the Hague during June 2012 – June 2017. The Ambassador of the Netherlands to Estonia is Karen van Stegeren, who presented her credentials on September 7th, 2016.

Estonia has four acting honorary consuls in the Netherlands. Honorary Consul Jan Brouwer resides in Rotterdam, Nicolaas van de Griendt in Zwolle, Marcel van den Heuvel in Amsterdam, and Theodoor Willebrord (Wibo) Aris at the overseas territory (Antilles and Aruba) on Curaçao.

There is also a Dutch parliamentary group in Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu).

The Netherlands represent Estonia on visa issues in six locations (Kenya, Jordan, Suriname, Oman, Aruba, Curacao) according to the bilateral agreement on visa representation for issuing Schengen visas that was concluded in 2008. Estonia represents the Netherlands in Pskov, Russia.